The book, “Humboldt History, Volume One: Two People, One Place” by Ray Raphael and Freeman House is invaluable to me in envisioning my characters’ worldview, as my characters were born in the late 1800’s in Humboldt County.  The gold rush of Northwest California, beginning 1850, was about a generation before my characters were born, so miners hugely impacted.  the landscape and culture in which my characters were raised.

Here (below) is my sketch of an idealized drawing of “The Miner” from a popular publication (Hutchings’ California Magazine, February 1857.)  Raphael and House preface the magazine’s caption by writing, “The values expressed were common for these times.”  From the magazine:  “THE MINER:  He turns the river from its ancient bed, and hangs it, for miles together, in wooden flukes upon the mountain’s side, or throws it from hill to hill, in aqueducts that tremble at their own airy height; or he pumps a river dry, and takes its gold bottom out.  He levels down the hills, and at the same process levels up the valleys;… he pounds the rocks of the mountain into dust.  No obstacle so great that he does not overcome it; ‘can’t do it’ makes no part of his vocabulary.”

Raphael and House write: “Miners, like most people, placed themselves in the center of things, but they went a step further, for they assumed they were firmly in command of a world they did not know.  They claimed dominion, ignoring the natural shapes and rhythms of the place they suddenly inhabited and the people who were already living there.  They assumed they had the right to change things at will, and they thought they had the ability as well.  This made them proud.”

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